How to Make a Resume & CV? Best Resume Format 2021

how to make a resume

While job seekers around the globe are worried about when they will get a job, many people are even more worried about how to make a resume if a company asks for a resume. The job in which you are going to be selected depends on your resume/CV. Resume is a mirror which helps the recruiter understand a lot about you without you saying anything.

So how to make a resume? For that you need to understand about resume and CV in depth. Although resume and cv seem to be the same in general understanding, it is very important to understand the difference between them if a company specifically demands for it.

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Difference Between CV, Bio-Data and Resume

If you are confused in CV and Resume , it’s time to clear your confusion !

Resume selection is the first step to getting any job. Only after it is selected you are called for interview. In the resume, you give very short information about your educational qualification and your skills. This information is given in detail in the CV. In the resume you just give your personal information in brief. If you are confused in CV and Resume, understand their difference here.

1. Resume:

The resume sent for any job is looked at with a cursory glance by the recruiter. That is why whatever is written in it is written in short and the information that is mentioned in it is very important. In a way, a resume is the way to get you to the job interview.

Whereas CV is seen during your interview. Therefore, at the very beginning of the resume, mention your skills as well as the specialization related to your field. This will let the recruiter know how much experience you have in the industry.

Preparing to Learn How To Make a Resume

To know how to make a resume, it is important to know about the following.

In this post you will learn about difference between resume and cv and bio-data, how to write all three of them along with their format and sample.

If you are willing to know the difference between Resume and CV and want to know how to prepare them in an easy way, this post has elaborated it to you in an attractive way.

What Is Resume?

Resume is a French word which means “summary”. And the credit for creating the resume goes to the great Italian personality Leonardo Da Vinci. Because he made the first resume in the 15th century and sent it to his potential employer Ludovico Sforza.

Before knowing how to make a resume, it is important to know what is a resume. Resume is a document that presents a brief summary of your education, qualifications, work experience, achievements.

Resume is not too big. It is only one or two pages, so only those things and information are highlighted in it which are included in the requirements of that job. Everything in the resume is written in short.

Resume can be changed according to the need of the job, according to the job profile. Resume is in a way a snapshot of the professional profile of the candidate. Resume is just a way to get to the interview. On the basis of resume, candidates are shortlisted for interview.

What is the purpose of resume?

Before learning how to make a resume, it is important to know what its purpose is. Whenever a vacancy is open in any company, then the company announces the advertisement of the full job profile, role, responsibilities, qualifications required for that job, qualifications etc. Then the hiring manager of that company gets the resume of the candidates before the interview.

Based on the resume, the hiring manager decides whether the candidate is suitable for that job profile or not, the qualifications, efficiency, experience that the interviewer wants in a candidate for that position. They get to know you from your resume. Based on the resume, the hiring manager calls the candidate for an interview.

If the candidate goes to give an interview in a company and he comes to know that the vacancy is not worth it or he/she is not suitable for that vacancy, then it will consume too much effort, time and money of both the candidate and the company so shortlisting on the basis of resume first benefits both the candidates and the recruiters, saving both time and money.

Where is the resume given?

Usually resumes are given for all types of private jobs, governmental and non-profit jobs, MNC(Multi National Company) jobs, business, industry.  Nowadays resume is used even in simple marriages !

Why resume is required?

Some people believe that resume is just a document to be called for interview. While it is not so. Along with calling for an interview, it is a tool that effectively sells your qualifications, experience, skills, achievements to your prospective employer. It introduces you to your prospective employer, impresses him, presents a snapshot of your career in front of him.

Whether you are a Fresher or an experienced professional, if you want a job then you will need a Resume or Curriculum Vitae. For any kind of job, whether it is academic or non-academic, whether it is a private company job or an MNC (Multi National Company) job. Everywhere you will need a resume or CV to get a job.

Therefore, resume is an important document to get new job, new opportunities and  interview calls. From the resume itself, the interviewer selects the suitable candidate from a crowd of hundreds. Resume is the first step to enter an organization. The resume itself gives an opportunity to the candidates to sit face to face with the recruiters.

Types of Resume (Best CV Formats)

  1. Chronological Resume:

How to make a resume

A chronological resume is a type of resume that emphasizes relevant work experience and accomplishments. One of the three most frequent resume forms is chronological. Your resume should include information relevant to the position for which you’re applying. Chronological resume sections should include the following in this order:

  • Name and contact information
  • Summary or objective
  • Professional history
  • Educational history
  • Skills and abilities

2. Functional Resume

how to make a resume

A functional resume focuses on your professional talents rather than each job you’ve held and when you’ve held it. The most significant distinction between a functional resume and a traditional chronological resume is that a functional resume organizes your experience by skill categories rather than job titles.

Bullet points are used to showcase instances of your talents under each skill area, and these examples can originate from both work and personal situations. Functional resume sections should include the following in this order:

  • Resume Heading
  • Resume Summary
  • Relevant Skills
  • Work History
  • Education
  • Additional Resume Section

3. Combination Resume

This hybrid resume structure highlights both abilities and accomplishments, as well as current job experience. For reference, a combination resume will include elements of the other two commonly used resume formats i.e. chronological and functional.

Chronological resume format: Provides recent and relevant work history in reverse-chronological order, listing the most recent work experiences first in the professional history section.

Functional resume format: Lists required, relevant and transferable skills that set you apart from other candidates.

4. Targeted Resume

How to make a resume on targeted format?

A targeted resume is one that is tailored to a specific job vacancy. The purpose of a focused resume is to showcase the abilities and experiences that are relevant to a certain employment. When sending targeted resumes, the resume will be edited or rewritten for each job to which the candidate applies.

A few things to keep in mind while making a resume.

Your resume should contain the qualifications, skills, work experience etc.

  • Resume should be short, simple, effective and professional. Do not write unnecessary things in the resume.
  • Resume should be customized according to every company and every job profile.
  • Resume should not exceed 2 pages.
  • There should be no grammatical mistakes and spelling errors in the resume.
  • Everything, every fact in the resume must be absolutely true. Never write any wrong information or false thing in the resume even by forgetting.
  • A resume should not include awards, honors, publications, presentations, teaching experience, assistant-ships, grants, or experience or information that is not required for the job.
  • Never write personal details like age, religion, marital status, birth-date, sex, father name etc. in the resume.
  • You have to use professional titles in your resume as if you are quite a quick learner, you are innovator and problem solver.
  • You do not need to write your martial status, your photo and date of birth in the resume.

What information should be given in the resume?

  • Contact Details
  • Career Objective / Summary
  • Work Experience
  • Educational Qualification
  • Skill & Strength / Hobbies
  • Additional Courses

2. CV (Curriculum Vitae):

Curriculum Vitae is a Latin word which means course of life. It is in more detail than the resume, usually 2 to 3 pages. The CV mentions the list of all your skills so far, all the jobs and positions, degrees, professional degrees. In this, you can write about the challenges in your past that you have successfully faced.

Let us tell you that recruiters always like those candidates who think out of the box. CV is often suitable for those candidates who are fresher or they want to change career.

3. Bio Data:

The full form of Biodata is Biographical Data. Personal information is written in here like marital status, date of birth, religion, gender are mentioned. In India, bio-data is also often used for the purpose of providing personal information before marriage. It is used for when candidates are applying for government jobs.

At the international level, where it is not necessary to disclose the personal information of the candidates such as religion, age, gender, there is no use of bio-data.

Bio Data Full Form

Biodata does not have a full form, rather it is made up of two words Bio + Data, in which Bio i.e. Biographical which means special things related to life (life related) and Data which means collection or description of information.
Bio- Biographical
Data- Education and work experience information

Simply put, “We call Biodata a brief collection, collection or description of specific information related to life.” It is a document of 1 to 3 pages, and it is generally used as an application to apply for a job.
Apart from this, Biodata is also used for other works. Such as: Matrimonial Biodata for Marriage, Educational Bio data for Education, Medical Biodata for Medical Field etc.

Why do we create Biodata or why do we need to create it?

“We call biodata a short collection, collection or description of specific information related to life”.

On looking into it, we come to know that the biodata needs to be prepared to present a brief description of specific information related to life in the form of a document so that we can share some basic information related to our life with other people.

But the question arises that why do we need to share our basic information with other people? so the simple answer is

  • for the job
  • for marriage
  • For Educational Counseling and Admission
  • For Medical Checkup and Fitness

That is, if we want a job, then we have to share our information. If you want to get married and create a profile in the Matrimonial website, then you will have to share the information. If you want to get educational counseling done or take admission in any course, then you have to share the information. If you want to get a medical checkup or a fitness report made, then the information will have to be shared. This is the reason why we need to create Biodata.

How to make Bio-Data?

You already know how to make a resume. Here you will find information on how to create biodata. To create a simple Bio Data, some important things have to be taken care of like

  • Objective

While making  Biodata, it should be kept in mind that what is our purpose of creating Biodata, that is, we are making Biodata keeping in mind the work like:

If we are making Biodata for the job, then we have to make Biodata keeping in mind the purpose related to the job. And have to tell our educational qualification. work related experience and other skills we have.

Similarly, if Biodata is to be made for Marriage, then we have to make Biodata keeping in mind the purpose related to Marriage and we have to tell about our date of birth, family background, educational qualification, what job do I do, etc.

  • Photo

Although there is no need to put a photo in every bio-data, but whether you want to put a photo or not, you can find out by keeping in mind the purpose of making Biodata like: If you want to apply for a job with Back Office Work, then photo  is not necessary to apply, if you want to apply for a job with Front Office Work, then it becomes necessary to put a photo.

If you make Biodata for Marriage then it becomes necessary to put photo or if any differently abled Person creates Biodata for making Medical Certificate then he has to put full size photo to prove his Physical Handicap Disability.

  • Personal Details

Your Personal Details (Personal Information) in the bio-data is a very important point, while creating the bio-data, we can write the Personal Details by making a list like:

    • Name (your name)
    • Father’s Name
    • Mother’s Name
    • Date of Birth
    • Permanent Address
    • Gender
    • Marital Status
    • Religion
    • Nationality
    • Hobbies
    • Communication Language
    • Contact No.
  • Educational Qualification
  • Experience
  • Other Skills

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